The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights

The Nation's Premier Civil and Human Rights Coalition

The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights  & The Leadership Conference Education Fund
The Nation's Premier Civil and Human Rights Coalition

Reports and Curricula

The Bush Administration Takes Aim: Civil Rights Under Attack
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Table of Contents

grey arrow Acknowledgements
grey arrow Executive Summary
grey arrow Introduction
grey arrow Undermining Civil Rights through Regulation
grey arrow Undermining Civil Rights through Litigation
grey arrow Undermining Civil Rights through Funding Decisions
grey arrow Recommendations
grey arrow Conclusion
grey arrow Endnotes

1Krauthammer, “A Clear Choice of Words,” The Washington Post (December 12, 2002)

2Nakashima and Edsall, “Ashcroft Personnel Moves Irk Career Justice Lawyers,” The Washington Post (March 15, 2002).

365 Fed. Reg. 80256 (Dec. 20, 2000).

4General Accounting Office, Worker Protection: Federal Contractors and Violations of Labor Law  (October 1995); General Accounting Office, Occupational Safety and Health: Violations of Safety and Health Regulations by Federal Contractors (August 1996).

566 Fed. Reg. 66983 (Dec. 27, 2001).

6 http://www.aflcio.org/issues/safety/ergo/upload/ergo_brief.pdf

7UFW v. Chao, no. 01-CV-01356 (GK) (D.D.C.)

867 Fed. Reg. 31,098 (May 8, 2002).

9Section 5131(a)(23) of Pub. L. 107-110.

10The Minority Report can be viewed at http://www.womenssportsfoundation.org/binary-data/WSF_ARTICLE/pdf_file/944.pdf

11United States Sentencing Commission, Cocaine and Federal Sentencing Policy (February 1995).

12Transcript of United States Sentencing Commission Public Hearing of February 25, 2002 at p. 17, available at http://www.ussc.gov/hearings/2_25_02/0225USSC.htmSee generally>, United States Sentencing Commission, Cocaine and Federal Sentencing Policy (May 2002).

13Hedges, “Bush Urged to Hang Tough in Drug War,” Houston Chronicle  (January 28, 2001).

14Editorial, “Death Penalty Doubts,” St. Petersburg Times (October 3, 2002); Murphy, “Ashcroft and his Prosecutors Differ on Death-Penalty Cases,” The Kansas City Star (July 17, 2002);

15Glaberson, “Ashcroft’s Push for Execution Voids Plea Deal,” The New York Times (February 1, 2003).

16The revised DOJ death penalty protocol is available at: http://www.usdoj.gov/usao/eousa/foia_reading_room/usam/title9/10mcrm.htm

17Eggen, “Ashcroft Aggressively Pursues Death Penalty,” The Washington Post (July 1, 2002).

18 U.S. General Accounting Office, Death Penalty Sentencing: Research Indicates Pattern of Racial Disparities (1990).

19 McCleskey v. Kemp, 481 U.S. at 327 (Brennan, J., dissenting).

20 Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights, House Judiciary Committee, Racial Disparities in Federal Death Penalty Prosecutions 1988-1994, 103rd Congress, 2d Sess. (March 1994).

21 Lacey and Bonner, “Reno Troubled by Death Penalty Statistics,” The New York Times (September 12, 2000).

22 McGee, “Ex-FBI Officials Criticize Tactics On Terrorism,”  The Washington Post, November 28, 2001.  

23 See e.g. ACLU, Insatiable Appetite: The Government’s Demand for New and Unnecessary Powers After September 11 (April 2002); CATO Institute, Breaking the Vicious Cycle: Preserving Our Liberties While Fighting Terrorism (June 2002); Cole, “Enemy Aliens,” 54 Stanford Law Review 953 (June 2002); Lawyers Committee for Human Rights, A Year of Loss: Reexamining Civil Liberties Since September 11 (September 2002); American Immigration Law Foundation, Have We Learned the Lessons of History? (October 2002); National Asian Pacific American Legal Consortium, Backlash: When America Turned on its Own (2002); ACLU, Civil Liberties After 9/11: The ACLU Defends Freedom (2002).

24 Johnson and Van Natta, “Ashcroft Seeking to Free FBI to Spy on Groups,” The New York Times (December 1, 2001).

25 Executive Order 13252 (January 7, 2002).

26 6 U.S.C. § 412.  The President repeatedly threatened to veto the entire homeland security bill unless this   union-stripping provision was included.

26 “Statement of AFGE National President Bobby L. Harnage on NIMA’s Decision to Terminate the Collective Bargaining Rights of 1,322” (February 3, 2003).

27 Grutter v. Bollinger, 288 F. 3d 732 (6th Cir. 2002) (law school); Gratz v. Bollinger, 122 F. Supp. 2d 811 (E.D. Mich. 2000) (undergraduate).

29 438 U.S. 265 (1978).

30 Hiatt, “Diversity Pretense,” The Washington Post (January 19, 2003).

31 Lewis, “Justice Dept. Is Backing Off Deal in Discrimination Case,” The New York Times (May 17, 2002).

32 Duffy, “Justice Department Drops Challenge to SEPTA Fitness Test,” Legal Intelligencer (October 3, 2001).

33 Letter from Paul C. Saunders to Claire L. Gregory, June 6, 2002, in docket of U.S. v. City of Buffalo, 1973-CV-414C (WDNY).  

34 779 F.2d 881 (1985).

35 Toyota Motor Manufacturing v. Williams, 534 U.S. 184 (2002); Chevron U.S.A. v. Echazabal, 122 S. Ct. 2045 (2002).

36 217 F. Supp. 2d. 581 (E.D. Pa. 2002), on appeal to Third Circuit as no. 02-3721.

37 527 U.S. 581 (1999).

38 Edsall and Nakashima, “Bias Case Decree May Be Lifted,” The Washington Post (March 21, 2002).

39 Leadership Conference on Civil Rights, Justice on Trial: Racial Disparities in the American Criminal Justice System (2000), available at http://www.civilrights.org.  See also text accompanying footnotes 13 - 23, supra.

40 Fellner & Mauer, Losing the Vote: The Impact of Felony Disenfranchisement Laws in the United States, Human Rights Watch and The Sentencing Project (October 1998).

41 Amon, “Felons Have Allies in Vote-Ban Case,” National Law Journal (January 14, 2003).

42 Ove, “Judge Lifts U.S. Oversight of City of Pittsburgh Police,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (September 14, 2002).

43 Stearns, “Ashcroft Transforms the Culture of Justice Department,” The Kansas City Star (November 29, 2002).

44 532 U.S. 235 (2001)

45 532 U.S. 598 (2001)

46 528 U.S. 62 (1999).

47 531 U.S. 356 (2001).

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