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The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights

The Nation's Premier Civil and Human Rights Coalition

The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights  & The Leadership Conference Education Fund
The Nation's Premier Civil and Human Rights Coalition

Voting Rights

The basis and foundation of our democratic form of government is the right to vote.  Voting is one of the most important tools Americans have to influence the policies the government adopts.  Unfortunately, many Americans are effectively denied their right to vote.

Restore Voting Rights

The Supreme Court's June 25, 2013 Shelby County v. Holder decision is an enormous setback for votings rights in the U.S. We must respond to ensure that each American can enjoy his or her right to vote—free of discrimination. Get involved at www.RestoreVotingRights.org.  

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New Report Finds that Modernizing Voter Registration Systems Would Cut Costs for Local Governments

May 7, 2009 - Posted by The Leadership Conference

photo of the U.S. PIRG report

U.S. PIRG, a national nonprofit that lobbies on consumer and public interest issues, released a report yesterday that shows that local voter registration systems are inefficient and expensive to maintain and that modernizing and streamlining antiquated systems would reduce costs for local governments.

U.S. PIRG surveyed 100 counties and found that more than $33 million of public money was spent on voter registration in 2008. Small counties spent an average of around $87,000, medium counties spent around $250,000, and large counties spent more than $1 million. Some of the largest counties spent as much as $3 million on voter registration.

The report also found that these costs do not include overtime pay or outreach election official conduct to encourage voter registration.

The report states: "Election officials must spend taxpayer dollars to deal with the errors and challenges of our paper-driven, inefficient registration system. If we modernized our system, election officials could instead use their budget for activities that promote our democracy, such as training poll-workers and election education, as well as on more effectively administering Election Day."

U.S. PIRG recommends that the federal government require states to provide automatic voter registration and same-day voting for people who may have missed registration deadlines.  It also recommends that the federal government provide funding support to states.

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U.S. Supreme Court Hears Challenge to Voting Rights Act

April 29, 2009 - Posted by The Leadership Conference

Today, the U.S. Supreme Court heard oral arguments on the constitutionality of a key provision of the Voting Rights Act that requires certain states and localities with a history of voting discrimination to submit changes in voting procedures to the Department of Justice or a federal court before they can take effect.

The case involves a municipal utility district in Texas that says the preclearance provision is no longer necessary because the kind of discrimination that it was designed to combat no longer exists. The entire state of Texas is required to preclear voting changes.

A federal court rejected the municipality's suit last year, finding that Congress was well within its authority to reauthorize the preclearance requirement, which is regarded by many as the heart of the Voting Rights Act.

Read more >>

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Broken Voter Registration System Disproportionately Affects Low-Income Voters, the Incarcerated, and Minorities

March 30, 2009 - Posted by The Leadership Conference

According to a recent report on the 2008 election, four to five million people said they could not register to vote because of administrative problems, and another four million registered voters were unable to cast their ballot due to problems election officials claimed existed with their registration.

Many of the problems with voter registration in the U.S. disproportionately affect racial and ethnic minorities, people in prison, and low-income people.  According to Kristen Clarke of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, purge programs that often remove eligible voters from registration lists and mass rejection of registration forms for small, easily correctible errors are two of the biggest problems with the current system.

In addition, many local election officials are not familiar with how to implement federal voter laws like the National Voter Registration Act and the Help America Vote Act, and laws regarding students, homeless voters, and incarcerated and ex-felon voters are often unclear and confusing.

Congress is currently holding hearings to determine what action it can take to ensure fairer elections.

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This Week in Civil Rights History: The 23rd Amendment Allows D.C. Residents to Vote for President

March 27, 2009 - Posted by The Leadership Conference

This Sunday marks the anniversary of the ratification of the 23rd Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The amendment allows residents of Washington, D.C., to vote for presidential and vice presidential candidates.

Amendments to the Constitution are proposed by both houses in Congress and require three-fourths of the states to ratify, or approve, them. Ohio ratified the amendment on March 29, 1961, which made the amendment go into effect.

The 1964 election was the first election that district residents voted for president and vice president.

However, the 23rd Amendment did not grant district residents voting representation in Congress.  There have been numerous unsuccessful attempts to pass legislation that would give voting representation in Congress to district residents ever since it was created in 1801.

The D.C. Voting Rights Act, which will give the district a full-voting member in the House of Representatives for the first time, passed the Senate in February and is expected to come up for a vote in the House in the coming weeks. 

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LCCR Submits Amicus Brief in Voting Rights Act Case before the Supreme Court

March 25, 2009 - Posted by Tyler Lewis

Today, LCCR submitted an amicus brief to the U.S. Supreme Court supporting the constitutionality of Congress' 2006 reauthorization of Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act (VRA). 

Section 5 requires states and localities with a history of discrimination to submit changes in their voting process and procedures to Department of Justice or a federal D.C. district court for approval or "preclearance."

Amicus briefs, meaning "friend of the court," are legal briefs submitted by someone who is not a party in case that offers additional information to assist the court in deciding the case.

Congress passed the VRA in 1965 to eliminate discriminatory voting practices by state and local governments. The law has been reauthorized and amended several times since it was passed, most recently with a 25-year reauthorization passed in 2006 and set to expire in 2031.

The plaintiff in the case, Northwest Austin Municipal Utility District No. 1, claims that the preclearance provision is no longer "necessary or constitutionally proper" because the kind of discrimination the provision is designed to stop is no longer a problem. 

However, LCCR's brief cites the Court's own recent decision in Bartlett v. Strickland, in which the Court said that "racial discrimination and racially polarized voting are not ancient history."

A federal court upheld the constitutionality of the provision last May.

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LCCR President Discusses D.C. Voting Rights with D.C. Residents at Town Hall Meeting

March 20, 2009 - Posted by Tyler Lewis

Rasi Caprice performing rap song with his two backup men

Rasi Caprice, a D.C.-based hip-hop artist, performs "Free D.C." at the Historical Society of Washington, D.C. town hall meeting on March 19, 2009.

View more photos of the event

Last night, Wade Henderson, president and CEO of LCCR, participated in a Historical Society of Washington, D.C., town hall meeting on the history of voting rights and the lack of voting rights for D.C. residents. 

Town hall meetings provide local residents an opportunity to discuss important issues that affect their community with elected leaders and other influential people.  Henderson spoke about the importance of the D.C. House Voting Rights Act, which would give D.C. residents a full-voting member in the House of Representatives for the first time.

"Voting is the language of our democracy. Without it, the citizens of the District of Columbia are the silent voice in the wilderness, spectators to democracy, right in the literal shadow of the very governing institutions that serve as a shining beacon to the rest of the world," said Henderson.

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Fifth Grader Calls for D.C. Voting Rights

March 17, 2009 - Posted by Tyler Lewis

In February, President Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama made a surprise visit to the Capital City Public Charter School in Washington, D.C.  During the visit, a fifth grader named Karen asked President Obama why Washington, D.C., doesn't have voting representation in Congress.

In this video, Karen talks about her conversation with the president and explains why the issue of D.C. voting rights matters to her.

A bill that will give Washington, D.C., a full-voting member in the House of Representatives for the first time passed the Senate in February and is expected to come up for a vote in the House in the coming weeks.

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The Washington Post Calls on Congress to Reform Voter Registration

March 16, 2009 - Posted by Tyler Lewis

The Washington Post said today that Congress has to figure out a way to make voting easy for every American.  The Post cited a recent study that found nearly 4 million eligible voters were unable to cast a vote in the 2008 election due to problems with their registrations, and that almost 5 million additional people did not register because of administrative problems during the registration process.

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Supreme Court Limits Key Provision of the Voting Rights Act

March 12, 2009 - Posted by The Leadership Conference

The Supreme Court ruled on Monday to limit the scope of the Voting Rights Act (VRA), saying that a key provision that keeps minority votes from being diluted during redistricting doesn't apply in districts where a minority group makes up less than 50 percent of the voting age population. 

Section 2 of the VRA says that minority voters must have an equal opportunity to elect candidates of their choice. In areas with a significant minority population, this prohibits governments from dispersing minority voters into multiple districts, so that there aren't enough minority voters in any given district to influence the outcome of that district's election.

Read more >>

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Senate Introduces Bill to Outlaw Vote Caging

March 9, 2009 - Posted by The Leadership Conference

The Senate recently introduced legislation aimed at ending "vote caging," a tactic typically used to deter minorities, young people, and seniors from voting.

"Vote caging" is a tactic in which a political organization or party sends mail, usually marked "do not forward," to registered voters, some of which are returned to sender. The organization will then challenge the validity of these voters' registrations, either before or on election day. 

However, many of these individuals are not fraudulent voters.  A person might be in the armed forces serving abroad, or letters may simply be returned due to misspelling of names or addresses.

The Caging Prohibition Act will prohibit the use of "caging lists" to interfere with voting or registering to vote.  Another provision in the bill will also prohibit using foreclosure status to challenge voters' registration.

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